Introduction to Muslim Sharia Governance
In simple terms, Muslim Sharia Governance means governing under the law prescribed by Allah (SWT) and His messenger, Muhammad (PBUH). The law, also known as Islamic Sharia, consists of guidelines to resolve various issues related to personal and professional life as well as a list of punishments to be inflicted upon criminals who commit serious offenses like murder, stealing, adultery, drinking alcohol, and physical abuse at home. Without these guidelines, it would be extremely difficult to provide justice to people, particularly women, who mostly remain at home and are sometimes deprived of even basic education to get enlightenment on their rights in Islam.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The greatness of the reward is tied to the greatness of the trial. When Allah loves a people, He puts them to the trial. Whoever is acceptant of it will have Allah’s acceptance and whoever is displeased and unacceptant with it will gain Allah’s displeasure.” – Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth.
Two sets of eyes have been forbidden from the Fire: an eye that weeps from the fear of Allah, and an eye that has spent the night protecting Islam and its people from the people of disbelief. – Reported by Saheeh Al Jaami, Hadeeth.
There is a proper framework for this type of governance if it is to be implemented in a country. It is important to understand and study this framework in order to completely execute the guidelines prescribed in Muslim Sharia law. Sharia has a direct influence on the governance where it is used or implemented. Without an understanding of the intricacies of Sharia, it is literally impossible to run the legal system and offer a platform of justice to people living together as a society.
Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said : The people most loved by me from amongst my Ummah would be those who would come after me but everyone amongst them would have the keenest desire to catch a glimpse of me even at the cost of his family and wealth. – Reported by Muslim, Hadeeth.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “The best of you are those who are slow to anger and swift to cool down. Beware of anger, for it is a live coal on the heart of the descendants of Adam.” – Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth.
Governance could be either limited to certain communities or have a wide spectrum covering a couple of neighboring countries or an entire nation. Presently, Muslim Sharia Governance exists only partially in different regions of the world. Even in a single Muslim majority country, the framework has not been fully implemented due to foreign pressures and domestic controversies. There is not a single country in this world where only one religion is practiced. People in minority are present everywhere and to protect the rights of these people, it sometimes becomes difficult to execute the punishments prescribed in the Muslim Sharia.
Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The most despicable amongst persons in the eye of Allah is one who tries to fall into dispute with others (for nothing but only to display his knowledge and power of argumentation).
– Reported by Muslim, Hadeeth.
All believers are but brothers, therefore seek reconciliation between your two brothers, and fear Allah, so that you may be blessed with mercy. – The Holy Quran [49:10]
Sharia guidelines and principles are in accordance with the modern economic system with a few exceptions. However, some economies of the world would suffer if complete Sharia principles are implemented. First off, the banking system that exists today would collapse because of the prohibition of interest in Islam. Probably because of this reason, Islamic Sharia is not executed completely anywhere. If it were possible to implement Muslim Sharia Governance in a country, there would have been no injustice in the society and zero crime rates.
Beware also of the prayer of the oppressed, for there is no veil between such a prayer and Allah. – Reported by Bukhari, Hadeeth.
To Allah belongs the East and the West. So, whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing. – The Holy Quran [2:115]
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Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was asked what type of earning was the best, and he replied: “A man’s work with his hands and every (lawful) business transaction.” – Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth.