Islamic Sharia Promotes Tolerance
We are living our lives by following a specific routine. We get up early in the morning and get ready for the daily chores. The children go to the schools and the adults leave for their offices. Before leaving for work or study, we eat our breakfast. We eat three times a day along with having snacks at interval. The doctors advise a sleep of 8 hours for every individual. What is this? It is all a part of a set of rules governing our daily lives. With few changes here and there, we follow almost guidelines everywhere.
Similarly, Islamic Sharia is a set of rules described in the Holy Quran. Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad almost 1400 years ago. It provides complete guidance to the Muslims in a concise way. The major sources of Sharia include Quran, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyaas. Muhammad presented the practical implementation of the Quran in his own life. He encouraged equality and justice in the society. The major punishments were given to the criminals so that the other may learn from it. The principle of tolerance was best understood in the wars.
Hamza, the uncle of Muhammad was martyred by a non-Muslim slave of the enemy in the battle of Uhud. His name was Wahshi ibn Harb. When the army of Muslims conquered Mecca, Muhammad showed mercy to every one. Wahshi came in front of him and asked for forgiveness. The historical tolerance of Muhammad was ob served when he forgave him, but told him never to come before his eyes.
Abu Sufyan is a well known person in the times of Muhammad. He led the non-Muslim army in the earlier battles between Mecca and Medina. But when Muslims were victorious, he was forgiven by Muhammad. Even his home was given the title of the most safe house in the area. Due to the extraordinary forgiving nature of the Muslims, Abu Sufyan embraced Islam and later on played an active role as a Muslim leader.
Islam teaches forgiveness and tolerance to the followers. A large number of verses from Quran encourage seeking forgiveness from Allah Almighty. Even Muhammad said that he seek forgiveness 70 times a day. Allah is the most merciful and most generous, and it is obligatory on every Muslim to believe in Him. Similarly Muslims are encouraged for fair dealing and show tolerance to the fellows. Those who forgive are rated better than those who don’t.
Muslims are taught to treat every one with respect. Tolerance of the children, women and elder is encouraged. They should not criticize the fellows; instead they should ignore the mistakes of the people. Allah will forgive those who learn to forgive others. The disbelievers and the non-Muslims are treated with respect according to the Islamic Sharia. They are free to follow their religions. It is prohibited to convert them into Muslims by force. Their religious places come under direction protection of the state. They are given full authority and their religious festivals are tolerated with respect too. In Short, Muslim Sharia teaches tolerance just like it encourages justice and equality.