Muslim Sharia – Foundation for an Ideal Society
The Muslims include 23 percent of the total global population according to a research conducted in 2010. It is a matter of prime importance to study the foundations of Islam in depth. The reliable source to carry out this study includes Muslim Sharia. Each religion has a set of rules and regulations which are based on divine sources. Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and other religions have their own resources to implement their religions. The Muslims have the divine book Koran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (called Sunnah) as the source to live their life according to the principles of Islam.
The Quran was revealed to the Muhammad over a span of 2 decades. It gives comprehensive details of the accounts of the Prophets including Moses, Isaac, Adam, Noah etc. Also, the routine matters describing social, economical, judicial, moral, political and ethical aspects of a Muslim society are discussed in detail. The formation of an ideal Islamic state rests upon understanding the Koran completely. Sunnah is a complete description of how a Muslim should live his/her life while adhering to the principles of Islam. Both of the sources constitute the basis of Muslim Sharia.
As per sharia, a Muslim has five fundamental duties to perform. The most important is to believe in the supremacy of Allah Almighty. The second is to agree wholeheartedly that Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah. He has to pray five times a day, refrain from eating during the day in the holy month, give alms to the poor and perform pilgrimage. Apart from these pillars of Islam, his social life also needs proper direction.
Justice is an integral part of human life. No discrimination on any basis is allowed according to Islamic sharia. The supremacy based on race, color, caste, wealth, social or political status or gender is highly discouraged by Islam. Every person is considered equal before the law governing body, and even the administrator is punished if he/she commits crime. Women have the right to study, work, and make their own decisions.
The concept of capitalism and confining the wealth to few individuals is highly discouraged in Islamic teachings. An equal distribution of wealth is preferred with an interest-free Islamic banking system.
The cost of the basic amenities i.e. water, basic food items and traveling expenses etc must be kept economical to aid the less-privileged class. It is the foremost duty of the head of the Muslim state to observe the citizen governing laws effectively with no discrimination. Corruption and nepotism is never encouraged.
The people belonging to the other religions are not forced to obey the Islamic laws. Instead they have full rights to act according to their own believes. Their sacred places are maintained and protected by the state’s peace governing bodies.
They are ensured that no harm will be done to them on the basis of their different religion. Equal opportunity in employment and education is their primary right.
If Muslim Sharia is implemented properly, it is the best way to lay the foundation of an ideal society.