Sharia Laws: Precise View
The human life style is based on few basic rules. We follow a specific code of life in our daily and occasional matters. The food we eat must be clean and hygienic. Who told us to keep ourselves clean? Who has taught us all the social behaviors? How do we know that it is good to be polite with others? Why do we consider everyone equal before the law? What has made us to believe in justice? How can we stay united as a nation or a community? These questions have made humans search for a complete code of conduct which should guide us to formulate an ideal society. The Muslims can find answers by following Muslim Sharia easily.
Sharia laws form the basic of Islam. It deals with each and every matter related to our lives from birth till death. Its major sources are Holy Quran , followed by the sayings of Prophet Muhammad. It is obligatory upon every Muslim to follow only those laws which are synchronized with the major sources. However, if the answers are not found directly in the major sources then there are secondary sources which need to be authenticated as well. Mutual consensus and analogical deduction which are proven by Quran and Hadith are known as the secondary sources.
The main branches of Sharia Laws include political, judicial, family, educational, marital, financial, economical and other matters which are important to form an ideal society. They encourage equality and tolerance among the citizens and stress on giving adequate rights to the minorities. Political concept is not based on the aristocracy; instead the consent of the citizens is used to select the most suitable candidate.
Islam has a very distinct way of dealing with the poverty. The Zakat is collected from the rich people and distributed among the poor so that the concept of capitalism is discouraged. The wealth circulation ensures that it is not accumulated with in a specific class. Women and children are given proper care according to sharia. The inheritance issues of the orphans are answered clearly in Islam. The adopted children are not given the status of own children so that the inheritance laws can not be challenged. Guardians and parents are considered separately. The women are not only given share in the inheritance from their parents but also their late husbands. They can get education and work as per their own will. The concept of veil keeps them from the prying eyes of the others. Islam does not oppress them; it provides them with the security.
Currently there is no society present in the world which has implemented Sharia Laws completely. The ideal society which has existed to date was under Prophet Muhammad in Medina, more than 1400 years ago. It was a true manifestation of equality, justice and tolerance. The non-muslims and minorities were given equal rights. The well managed wars created examples of tolerance. The defeated soldiers were given respect instead of being killed brutally as was the custom during that time.
The Sharia Laws need in depth study and it is merely few aspects which are summarized here. Though, the concept of equality and justice is the only basic aspect which is followed in every law.